The following resources can help:. Rebecca , age 57, struggled with depression and had a few wake-up calls as a smoker. She felt depressed and smoked cigarettes to help her cope with her feelings. The more Rebecca smoked, the harder it seemed to quit. Rebecca finally quit smoking after getting care for her depression and realizing that she had to take care of her own health. She now leads a new, smokefree life. Skip directly to site content Skip directly to page options Skip directly to A-Z link.
CDC is not responsible for Section compliance accessibility on other federal or private website. If your teen has suicidal thoughts while taking an antidepressant, immediately contact your doctor or get emergency help. For most teens, the benefits of taking an antidepressant likely outweigh any risks.
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Keep in mind that antidepressants are more likely to reduce suicide risk in the long run by improving mood. Everyone's different, so finding the right medication or dose for your teen may take some trial and error.
This requires patience, as some medications need several weeks or longer to take full effect and for side effects to ease as the body adjusts. Encourage your teen not to give up. Inherited traits play a role in how antidepressants affect different people. In some cases, where available, results of genetic tests done by blood test or cheek swab may offer clues about how the body may respond to a particular antidepressant.
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However, other variables besides genetics can affect response to medication. Carefully monitor your teen's use of medications. To work properly, antidepressants need to be taken consistently at the prescribed dose. Because overdose can be a risk for teens with depression, the doctor may prescribe only small supplies of pills at a time, or recommend that you dole out medication so that your teen does not have a large amount of pills available at once.
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If your teen has bothersome side effects, he or she shouldn't stop taking an antidepressant without talking to the doctor first. Some antidepressants can cause withdrawal symptoms unless the dose is slowly tapered off — quitting suddenly may cause a sudden worsening of depression. If your teen is pregnant or breast-feeding, some antidepressants may pose an increased health risk to the unborn or nursing child. If your teen becomes pregnant or plans to become pregnant, make certain your teen talks to the doctor about antidepressant medications and managing depression during pregnancy.
Psychotherapy, also called psychological counseling or talk therapy, is a general term for treating depression by talking about depression and related issues with a mental health professional. Different types of psychotherapy can be effective for depression, such as cognitive behavioral therapy or interpersonal therapy. Psychotherapy may be done one-on-one, with family members or in a group. Through regular sessions, your teen can:. In some teens, depression is so severe that a hospital stay is needed, especially if your teen is in danger of self-harm or hurting someone else.
Getting psychiatric treatment at a hospital can help keep your teen calm and safe until symptoms are better managed. Day treatment programs also may help. These programs provide the support and counseling needed while your teen gets depression symptoms under control. Explore Mayo Clinic studies testing new treatments, interventions and tests as a means to prevent, detect, treat or manage this disease.
You are your teenager's best advocate to help him or her succeed. In addition to professional treatment, here are some steps you and your teen can take that may help:. Make sure that you and your teenager understand the risks as well as possible benefits if your teen pursues alternative or complementary therapy.
Don't replace conventional medical treatment or psychotherapy with alternative medicine. When it comes to depression, alternative treatments aren't a good substitute for medical care. Relying solely on these methods is generally not enough to treat depression. But they may be helpful when used in addition to medication and psychotherapy. Showing interest and the desire to understand your teenager's feelings lets him or her know you care.
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You may not understand why your teen feels hopeless or has a sense of loss or failure. But listen without judging and try to put yourself in your teen's position. Help build your teen's self-esteem by recognizing small successes and offering praise about competence. It's a good idea to be well-prepared for your appointment. Here's some information to help you and your teenager get ready, and what to expect from the doctor.
To the extent possible, involve your teenager in preparing for the appointment. Then make a list of:. Your teen's doctor or mental health professional will likely ask your teen a number of questions, including:. The doctor or mental health professional will ask additional questions based on your teen's responses, symptoms and needs. Preparing and anticipating questions will help make the most of your appointment time. Teen depression care at Mayo Clinic. Mayo Clinic does not endorse companies or products. Advertising revenue supports our not-for-profit mission. This content does not have an English version.
This content does not have an Arabic version. Diagnosis When teen depression is suspected, the doctor will typically do these exams and tests. Physical exam. The doctor may do a physical exam and ask in-depth questions about your teenager's health to determine what may be causing depression. In some cases, depression may be linked to an underlying physical health problem. Lab tests. For example, your teen's doctor may do a blood test called a complete blood count or test your teen's thyroid to make sure it's functioning properly.
Is everything you think you know about depression wrong?
Psychological evaluation. A doctor or mental health professional can talk with your teen about thoughts, feelings and behavior, and may include a questionnaire. These will help pinpoint a diagnosis and check for related complications. Request an Appointment at Mayo Clinic. Share on: Facebook Twitter. References Depressive disorders.
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