Our Distinguishing Criteria As discussed so far, shame and guilt do not seem to be distinguishable from each other according to such criteria as the kinds of fault that elicit these emotions, their action tendencies, and their adaptive versus maladaptive implications. Acknowledgments We wish to thank two anonymous reviewers for their valuable and helpful comments and suggestions. References Argyle, M. Social interaction. Abingdon, United Kingdom: Routledge. Relationships between shame and guilt in the socializing process.
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